Pelvic Organ Prolapse
In the case of the bladder, a bulge may develop on the top vaginal wall that causes a cystocele”.
Similarly, the rectum can push upward on the bottom wall of the vagina causing a bulge.
Utero Vaginal Prolapse
In women with a uterus, a loss of support may cause the cervix to protrude through the vaginal canal.
Vaginal Vault Prolapse
In women who have had a hysterectomy, the apex of the vagina can fall through the vaginal canal.
These different forms of pelvic organ prolapsed may be difficult to distinguish because they all commonly form a vaginal bulge of some kind, and only a physician can reliably distinguish the type of prolapse by performing a detailed pelvic examination.