Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are defined as 2 or more infections in 6 months or 3 or more in 1 year. Recurrent UTI’s are relatively common among women of all ages. Risk factors include genetics, sexual intercourse, pelvic anatomy, urinary retention and menopause.
In order to properly to diagnose a urinary tract infection, urine is sent for a culture to determine which bacteria is causing the infection, as well the appropriate antibiotic to treat it. However, in patients who have symptoms of a UTI, an evaluation of a urinalysis done in the office may prompt a physician to treat a patient with antibiotics.
Preventing infections before they occur is always the best treatment. Lifestyle changes such as increasing fluid intake, avoiding spermicides, post-intercourse voiding, and drinking cranberry juice.